Central India Highlands
Central India is considered as the heart of India’s wildlife. It is home to India’s largest forest tract, rich wild lives as well as a myriad of indigenous people who have been living in the forests here since time immemorial with their families and different cultures.
They are bonded to the west by Aravali range. The Satpura range is formed by a series of a scoped plateau on the south, generally at an elevation varying between 600-900m above the mean sea level. The slopes of central highlands are from south west to north east.The part of peninsular plateau lying to the north of narmada river covering the major area of the malwa plateau is known as Central Highlands.The flow of the rivers draining this region namely the chambal, the sindh, the betwa and the ken is from south west to north east thus indicating the slope.
Central India SatpuraMaikal landscape is the region surrounding Satpura is west and Maikal hill ranges in east. It is spread across 14 districts of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra. 34% of the total area is under forest cover.
The major carnivores here are the tiger-panthera tigris, leopard-panthera pardus and sloth bear-melarsus ursinus. The region is famous for hard ground barasingha-ceavus duvacelli. The Herbivores are represented by gaur-bosgaurus, sambhar-cervus unicolor, spotted deer cheetal-axis axis and barking deer-muntiacus muntjac. Other common faunal species are wild boar-sus scrofa, jackal-canisaurius and common langoor-presbytis antellus.This area is home to rich arifauna. There are some of the most productive habitats for tiger and its prey species in Indian subcontinent.Satpura Maikal landscape has in it many of India’s best known protected forest areas. Put together, around 17% of the world’s Tiger population are found in the landscape.
The Central Indian highlands have two parallel chain of hills namely The Vindhyas and The Satpuras, running to East-North-East to West-South-West direction and separated by Narmada river valley. The Maikal hills in the north east of the region are considered to be the connecting link between these ranges. The general elevation of Vindhya range is between 450-600 m though few points rise above 900m. In contrast, the Satpuras are marked with higher elevation plateaus, the higher peak being dhoopgarh (1348m). The Central Indian highlands serves as a major watershed area for several rivers including narmada, chambal, betwa, tons, ken, sone, wainganga, wardha and tapti rivers.
The climate is tropical and larger part of rainfall is during the south west monsoon (Jun-Aug). The natural vegetation of the Central Indian Highlands is dominated by the peninsular Sal-Shorea robusta forest in the east and Teak-Tectona grandia in the west.
About 430 species of birds have been reliably recorded from this region representing 61 families and 15 orders, of which 254 species breed while 104 species are winter migrants and with a few other vagrant species.
Why Madhya Pradesh, the Heart of India?
Geographically located in the middle of India between latitude 21.04N-26.87N and longitude 74.02E-82.49E, normally expressed as the heart of India or Central Region. It is second largest state of India after Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh is sharing its border with six neighboring states.
Forest a major part of the state and the cultivated area amount to approximately half of the total land mass uses of the state. The hill ranges of Vindhyas and Satpuras give rise to main river system; the Narmada and the Tapti running from East to West.
- Lounge setting of a camp or lodge, designed with local materials.
- Safari-goers can choose to view large and spectacular wildlife in natural surroundings, unique to this fascinating region. Going on a photographic safari is a support, in itself, toward conserving Indian wildlife and habitats. A safari can be the most enjoyable and rewarding environmental contribution you will ever make.
- Venturing to Central India will be your introduction to the success of conservation by local communities. Safaris have traditionally been easy on the environment but conservationists have developed it even further. Tourism to these core areas of forests, has a positive and sustainable effect on the local communities through park entrance fees, vehicle hire, guide hire and employment. The majorities of camps are using natural resources and employ local folks to boost sustainable value of tourism. It feels good investing your vacation time in supporting camps and lodges that have made great strides in ECOtourism.
Accommodations and Adventure to suit all travel styles
Lounge setting of a camp or lodge, designed with local materials.
The main allure of Central India is that anyone can find an adventure there. The level of adventure and contact with nature is controlled by the traveler. Accommodation options include hotels, lodges, small camps with chalets or bungalows, fixed tented camps and mobile tented safaris. Adventures range from safari game drives in wildlife parks to walking in the jungles toelephant-back riding tours to challenging mountain climbs to native canoe safaris to angling. Eco-tourism in Central India has gone through its own evolution. Many of our safari programs feature low impact accommodations where the key is the size of camps and lodges. The level of comfort is just as variable, and it ranges from simple bungalows to extravagant suites with private swimming pools. Luxury camps can cater to even the most discriminating traveler – with five-star panache, but rugged individualists can also find nirvana in earthy-chic accommodations. Most lodges, camps and smaller hotels featured in our itineraries participate in low utilization of energy resources. Adventurers who want to capture life in a back-to-nature setting are always richly rewarded. Most safari locales are almost devoid of human interference, and travelers live according to a natural rhythm of life that has remained basically unchanged since the beginning of time.
Natural Attractions including World Heritage Sites
Central India boasts such a tremendous variety of attractions that everyone can find something fascinating see. In addition to fabulous wildlife, the region delivers one of the famous waterfalls with marble rocks-The Bhedaghat, world famous Khajuraho temples, Unesco world heritage sites like Sanchi and Bhimbetka, which are famous for Buddist stupas and Rock painting respectively.
|Dry Summer-Mar-Jun||Temperature min 29C or less and 45C or more.|
|Monsoon- Jun-Sep||Temperature min 22C or less and 30C or more|
|Cool and dry winter- Oct-Mar||Oct-Mar, Temperature min 15C or less and 25C or|
National parks & Districs:
|Kanha(Tiger Reserve)||Mandla and Balaghat|
|Panna(Tiger Reserve)||Panna and Chhatarpur|
|Pench(Tiger Reserve)||Seoni and Chhindwara|
Main tribes in Madhya Pradesh are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Korku, Bharia, Halba, Kaul, Maria and Saharia. Tribes of Madhya Pradesh exhibit quite rich and interesting socio-cultural traditions.
Watching the tribal people in their natural habitat is the dream of every traveler. A visit to the rural areas to have a real feel of their culture that is colorful extent and even decorated on the walls of the houses.
The tourists who are gluttony in the matter of culture and traditions, the villages of Madhya Pradesh are inevitable destinations. The primitive way of living and the display of their beliefs on the walls, their hospitable attitude towards the tourists will surely make you an affectionate for these places.